How High Is Your IQ?
An intelligence quotient (IQ) assesses intelligence, which usually encompasses one’s level of abstract thought, reasoning and understanding. The results of IQ tests may be used to predict job performance, education abilities, special needs or income, and scoring high on an IQ test can give you bragging rights and potentially qualify you for acceptance in certain organization and societies.
An average IQ is 100. A score between 115 and 129 indicates brightness and above-average intelligence. People who score between 130 and 144 are characterized as moderately gifted, and a score of 145 to 159 indicates a high IQ and a highly gifted person. People who score between 160 and 179 are characterized as exceptionally gifted, and those who score 180 or higher are characterized as profoundly gifted.
Very few people receive an IQ score of over 145 or less than 55.
There are many variations on IQ tests, including free IQ tests and online IQ tests. Well-known assessments include the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, the Wechsler Intelligence Scale, the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities and Raven’s Progressive Matrices. The same individual may get a slightly different IQ score when different tests are taken, but most people fall into the same category regardless of the test.
IQ assessments often include questions that gauge one’s mathematical intelligence, including questions that feature addition, subtraction, geometry and arithmetic. Test-takers may be asked to find patterns in groups of numbers using skills like division or multiplication.
Verbal intelligence is tested through questions that focus on reading, speaking and writing, and they may include spelling and word analogies.
Logic is a central component of most IQ assessments. Logic is one’s ability to think rationally, and assessments often include questions that incorporate other intelligences, such as verbal, math and patterns, and ask test-takers to find rational connections.
Most tests for IQ are multiple-choice and timed. Test-takers are almost never allowed to use a pencil or paper to help figure out the problems, and studying is not recommended before taking a test. Instead of measuring specific knowledge, the tests assess one’s thinking abilities, making the assessments difficult to prepare for.